The success of future cities depends on the extent to which existing professions, more precisely the professionals who work in them, are able to transcend the boundaries of their disciplines and mind-sets.
Public space was long a non-issue in Moscow. It was not until 2010, with the removal of mayor Yuri Luzhkov that a change began. A rethinking of public spirit occurred that went beyond the collectivist ideals of the Soviet period and the egocentrism of the preceding decade. As a result, planners once again began to work on the design of public space.